Since the release of The Sexual Politics of Meat , Adams has published several other works including essays, books, and keynote addresses. In one of her speeches, "Why feminist-vegan now? Other authors have also paralleled Adams' ideas while expanding on them. Angella Duvnjak states in "Joining the Dots: Some Reflections on Feminist-Vegan Political Practice and Choice" that she was met with opposition to the connection of feminist and veganism ideals, although the connection seemed more than obvious to her and other scholars Some of the main concepts of feminist veganism is that is the connection between the violence and oppression of animals.
For example, Marjorie Spiegal compares the consumption or servitude of animals for human gain to slavery. This capitalist use of animals for personal gain has held strong, despite the work of animal rights activists and ecofriendly feminists.
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Similar notions that suggest animals—like fish, for example—feel less pain are brought forth today as a justification for animal cruelty. Another connection between feminism and veganism is the parallel of violence against women or other minority members and the violence against animals. Animal rights activists closely relates animal cruelty to feminist issues.
This connection is even further mirrored as animals that are used for breeding practices are compared to human trafficking victims and migrant sex workers. Another way that feminist veganism relates to feminist thoughts is through the capitalist means of the production itself. Carol J. Adams mentions Barbara Noske talking about "meat eating as the ultimate capitalist product, because it takes so much to make the product, it uses up so many resources". Streams within a number of religious traditions encourage veganism, sometimes on ethical or environmental grounds.
Scholars have especially noted the growth in the twenty-first century of Jewish veganism  and Jain veganism. Multiple symbols have been developed to represent veganism. Several are used on consumer packaging , including the Vegan Society trademark  and Vegan Action logo,  to indicate products without animal-derived ingredients. Gary Francione "Animal Welfare, Happy Meat and Veganism as the Moral Baseline", : "Ethical veganism is the personal rejection of the commodity status of nonhuman animals Vegetarian and vegan diets may be referred to as plant-based and vegan diets as entirely plant-based.
This terminology is controversial within the vegan community. While some vegan leaders, such as Karen Dawn , endorse efforts to avoid animal consumption for any reason; others, including Francione, believe that veganism must be part of an holistic ethical and political movement in order to support animal liberation. Accordingly, the latter group rejects the label "dietary vegan", referring instead to "strict vegetarians", "pure vegetarians", or followers of a "plant-based" diet.
Another early use was by the editor of The Healthian , a journal published by Alcott House , in April "To tell a man, who is in the stocks for a given fault, that he cannot be so confined for such an offence, is ridiculous enough; but not more so than to tell a healthy vegetarian that his diet is very uncongenial with the wants of his nature, and contrary to reason.
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National Institutes of Health , "In the Oxford cohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition, bone fracture risk was similar in meat eaters, fish eaters and vegetarians, but higher in vegans, likely due to their lower mean calcium intake. Daniel A. Ornish, from 21 ; Campbell, 41 ; Esselstyn, 57 ; Barnard, 73 ; Greger, Journal of the American Dietetic Association.
Archived from the original on 12 March Retrieved 12 March Cohen, Tova 21 July Tel Aviv. Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 4 March A study prepared for the Globes newspaper and Israel's Channel Two found 5 percent of Israelis identify as vegan and 8 percent as vegetarian while 13 percent are weighing going vegan or vegetarian. In just 2. Cheslow, Daniella 10 December The Salt.
The Israeli military, it turns out, was surprisingly eager to help. A military spokesman tells The Salt that vegans serve in all capacities, including as combat soldiers. Vegan soldiers wear wool-free berets and leather-free boots, and they get an additional stipend to supplement their food, the military says. Joel Fuhrman, D. Martin T. Croft, et al. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Vegan disambiguation.
For notable vegans, see List of vegans. Clockwise from top-left: Seitan pizza; roasted sprouts , tofu , and pasta; cocoa—avocado brownies ; leek-and-bean cassoulet with dumplings. Further information: History of vegetarianism. Further information: Vegetarian Society.
External images. The Vegan News first edition, Donald Watson front row, fourth left, . See also: s in food and List of vegans. Further information: Rendering food processing. Further information: Vegan nutrition and Plant-based diet. Further information: Egg substitutes.
Main article: Raw veganism. Further information: Protein quality , Pea protein , Protein nutrient , Protein—energy malnutrition , Rice protein , Soy protein , and Hemp protein. Further information: Calcium in biology , Calcium carbonate , Calcium citrate , and Disorders of calcium metabolism. Further information: Human iron metabolism , Iron supplement , and Iron deficiency. Further information: Essential fatty acid interactions , Iodine in biology , and Iodine deficiency.
Further information: Nutrition and pregnancy. Further information: Testing cosmetics on animals. Vegan Society sunflower : certified vegan, no animal testing PETA bunny : certified vegan, no animal testing Leaping bunny : no animal testing, might not be vegan. Further information: Environmental vegetarianism , Feed conversion ratio , and Vegan organic gardening. See also: Vegetarian ecofeminism. Further information: Religion and vegetarianism. Main article: Vegetarian and vegan symbolism. See also: Economic vegetarianism.
Interviewed by George D. The Vegan Society. Archived PDF from the original on 13 March Retrieved 13 March Veganism at Wikipedia's sister projects. Food portal Drink portal Medicine portal. Veganism and vegetarianism. Vegans Vegetarians Vegetarian festivals Vegetarian organizations Vegetarian restaurants. List of vegetarian and vegan companies. Adams Neal D. Barnard Rynn Berry T. Schwartz Laura Wright. Semi-vegetarianism Macrobiotic diet Pescetarianism Vegetarian and vegan dog diet Vegetarian and vegan symbolism List of vegan media.
Animal rights. Clark Alasdair Cochrane J. Category Portal. Human nutritions and healthy diets. Omnivore Entomophagy Pescetarian Plant-based. The best known illustrations of Thylacinus cynocephalus were those in Gould 's The Mammals of Australia —63 , often copied since its publication and the most frequently reproduced,  and given further exposure by Cascade Brewery 's appropriation for its label in The thylacine has been used extensively as a symbol of Tasmania. The animal is featured on the official Tasmanian coat of arms. The plight of the thylacine was featured in a campaign for The Wilderness Society entitled We used to hunt thylacines.
In video games, boomerang-wielding Ty the Tasmanian Tiger is the star of his own trilogy. Characters in the early s cartoon Taz-Mania included the neurotic Wendell T. Wolf, the last surviving Tasmanian wolf. Tiger Tale is a children's book based on an Aboriginal myth about how the thylacine got its stripes.
The thylacine character Rolf is featured in the extinction musical Rockford's Rock Opera. The thylacine is the mascot for the Tasmanian cricket team ,  and has appeared in postage stamps from Australia, Equatorial Guinea , and Micronesia. The Hunter is a novel by Julia Leigh about an Australian hunter who sets out to find the last thylacine. The novel has been adapted into a film by the same name directed by Daniel Nettheim, and starring Willem Dafoe. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For the cricket team, see Tasmanian Tigers. An extinct species of carnivorous marsupial from Australia. Temporal range: Pliocene — Holocene , 4—0. Conservation status. Harris , . Play media. See also: Ecological impact of the dingo after its arrival in Mainland Australia. Mammals portal. Wilson, D. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Retrieved 7 September Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. Monographies de mammalogie. Paris: G. Dufour et Ed. Gleanings in Science. The Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. Vertebrata: Pisces, Reptilia, Aves, Mammalia.
London: Taylor and Francis. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History. Fourth Series. The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd.
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Oxford English Dictionary 3rd ed. Oxford University Press. September Subscription or UK public library membership required. Random House, Inc. Other names by which it is occasionally identified include marsupial wolf , marsupial hyena , zebra wolf, kangaroo wolf, zebra opossum , marsupial tiger, tiger cat, Tasmanian pouched wolf, and hyena opossum.
ABC Science Online. Retrieved 21 November Philosophical Collections of the Royal Society of London , 6 , — Quoted in Paddle , p. Truslove and Shirley.
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Victoria Museum. April Archived from the original PDF on 9 November Australian Faunal Directory. Archived from the original on 4 October Retrieved 2 May Oxford: Oxford University Press. Australian Journal of Zoology. Australian Museum. Archived from the original on 14 June Archived from the original on 2 June Archived from the original on 19 March Archived from the original on 25 March November The Holocene.
Bibcode : Holoc.. Parks and Wildlife Service, Tasmania. December Archived from the original PDF on 2 October Retrieved 22 November The Ancestor's Tale. Mariner Books. February Genome Res. Tasmania's Threatened Fauna Handbook. Bryant and Jackson. Evolution of the Borhyaenidae, extinct South American predaceous marsupials. Berkeley: University of California Press, Archived from the original PDF on 8 January Zoology Department, University of Tasmania.
Archived from the original on 24 October Discovery Channel. Archived from the original on 8 October Retrieved 28 November Science Daily. ABC Science. Victoria Museum, Victoria. Retrieved 6 October Archives Office of Tasmania. Retrieved 27 November National Museum of Australia, Canberra.
Fossil footprints reveal Kangaroo Island's diverse ancient wildlife. ABC Net News. Sunday Telegraph : Archived from the original w on 21 May Retrieved 5 February Royal Society Open Science. Bibcode : RSOS R; Grigg, G. C; Cairns, S. C; Beard, L. A; Alexander, P Wildlife Research. Retrieved 19 September Clarendon Press: Oxford. Journal of Zoology. Bibcode : PLoSO.. Journal of Biogeography. Retrieved 7 April Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Bibcode : PNAS.. The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 3 November Proceedings of the Royal Society B. Australian Zoologist.
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